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MEDICATIONS HOME

Beta Blockers

Medication Company Brand Name Generic Name
Timolol Maleate Akorn Ophthalmics Timolol Maleate USP Timolol Maleate 0.5%
Betoptic Alcon, Inc. Betoptic® S Betaxolol HCI 0.25%, 0.5%
Betagan Allergan Inc. Betagan® Levobunolol HCI ophthalmic solution, USP 0.25%, 0.5%
OptiPranolol Bausch & Lomb Inc. OptiPranolol® Metipranolol 0.3%
Istalol ISTA Pharmaceuticals Istalol® Timolol Maleate Ophthalmic Solution 0.5%
Timoptic-XE Merck & Co. Inc. Timoptic-XE® Timolol maleate ophthalmic gel forming solution 0.25%, 0.5%
Betimol VISTAKON, Inc. Betimol® Timolol hemihydrate 0.25%, 0.5%

 

Beta Blockers work by decreasing production of intraocular fluid. They are available in generic form, and therefore are relatively inexpensive. Systemic side effects can be minimized by closing the eyes following application or using a technique, called punctal occlusion, that prevents the drug from entering the tear drainage duct and systemic circulation.

Side Effects:

Side effects can include low blood pressure, reduced pulse rate, and fatigue. Beta blockers can also cause a shortness of breath in people who have a history of asthma or other respiratory disorders. Additionally, beta blockers can change cardiac activity by decreasing the amount of blood the heart pumps out, which may reduce the pulse rate and/or slow down the heart's response rate during exercise.

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have any of these side effects:

  • swelling or redness of your eyelids
  • eye redness, discomfort, or sensitivity to light
  • drainage, crusting, or oozing of your eyes or eyelids
  • depressed mood, confusion, hallucinations, unusual thoughts or behavior
  • wheezing, gasping, or other breathing problems
  • swelling, rapid weight gain
  • chest pain, slow or uneven heart rate
  • feeling short of breath, even with mild exertion

 

Less serious side effects may include:

  • blurred vision, double vision, drooping eyelid
  • burning or stinging in your eye
  • headache, weakness, drowsiness
  • numbness, tingling, or a cold feeling in your hands or feet
  • ringing in your ears
  • dry mouth
  • nausea, diarrhea, loss of appetite, upset stomach
  • skin rash or worsening psoriasis
  • sleep problems (insomnia)
  • cough, stuffy nose
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effects.

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